The National Museum invites you to an engaging debate about built communities: How have we created a physical framework for our social communities throughout cultural history, and how can we use this knowledge as a starting point to develop models for robust sustainable urban development?
What does a community look like in architecture and urban planning? How exactly do you build a community? That question has been answered in many different ways, depending on time and place. Within a broad cultural historical framework, we present with the seminar 'Built Communities' a number of historical solutions on the built community and discuss how the concept of "community" has been understood and translated into built environments in each case. What was the goal, who formulated the goal and what was the result?
We begin the seminar with six presentations by the museum's researchers, who will bring their versatile knowledge of construction, architecture and urban planning into play in relation to the seminar's overall theme. Then we have a panel discussion with invited practitioners and experts who nuance the debate by discussing how we can use cultural history as a starting point for developing models for the sustainable buildings of the future.
Professor Morten Nielsen: Welcome
PART 1: CULTURAL HISTORY AS AN INSPIRATION FOR THE PRESENT
13.35-13.55 Senior researcher Martin Appelt: Where I hang my hat - mobility, egalitarian and built communities
Until more than 700 years ago, in the most important parts of the Arctic, a group of people who, by all accounts, had never thought about property rights, especially land, lived on land. At the heart of their lifestyle was mobility, where home and cosmology were continuously manifested and re-manifested in certain architectural constructions. The primary purpose seems to have been to emphasise cohesion and an egalitarian ideal, underpinned by a socially bound sharing economy.
13.55-14.15 Senior researcher Anne Pedersen: The ring foreborgs of the Viking Age – architecture with a message
Viking Age circular castles were built in the second half of the 900s. The Ringborgs give the impression of an ambitious royal power (King Harald Bluetooth) who actively knew how to exploit the classic Nordic idiom. Because of the peculiarity of the ring fortifications, they were an important part of the establishment of a common frame of reference for the visualization of a new royal power. The format was overwhelming, and the round castle rampart created a clear boundary between outdoor and indoor spaces, thus also between the people who were outside or inside.
14.15-14.35 Senior researcher Ulla Kjær: Nyboder and Frederiksstaden
In Copenhagen there are two examples of deliberately built communities of international excellence: the lakeside residential district of Nyboder, begun in 1631, which was to keep the good sailors in the Danish-Norwegian fleet, and the ideal town of Frederiksstaden from 1749 onwards, which was to stand as a model of the perfect society under Frederik V. In both cases, the original plans for splendor churches had to be abandoned, but the districts themselves were both built, used and preserved. They will be presented with special emphasis on the thoughts behind their creation, also in architectural terms.
14.45-15.05 Senior researcher Lykke L. Pedersen: Communities between care and control
After the ravages of cholera in the poor neighbourhoods of Copenhagen in 1853, the link between poor housing conditions and illness became clear. A circle of philanthropic doctors took the initiative to create healthy and affordable model housing outside the ramparts of the underprivileged classes: the Medical Association's Housing. A large-scale hygienic and political experiment began in the form of a series of educational projects in which new communities and care for the poor were accompanied by monitoring and control.
15.05-15.25 Conservator Johanne Bornemann Mogensen and senior researcher Vibeke Andersson Møller: Øbrohus – care in shape and colours
Joint installations and community were important themes in Danish housing after World War II, and the ambitions behind the collective measures grew throughout the 1950s and 1960s. Kollektivhuset Øbrohus was designed for AKB by the architect Svenn Eske Kristensen in 1958-1960 for Copenhagen's many single people, especially young people and pensioners. New colour studies have revealed that the architect allowed the house's colour scheme to support the collective idea, but also that the residents later protested against the coloristic control.
15.25-15.45 Professor Morten Nielsen: Communities and common places in public housing
Public housing areas are currently faced with new challenges and expectations to maintain and strengthen social and environmental sustainability. Welfare tasks previously managed by the State must increasingly be carried out on a decentralised basis by local communities, citizens and practitioners. The question, however, is whether the necessary resources exist in mixed residential areas? And how do they get activated? A first challenge is to identify which communities and common places are home to the public housing areas.
16.00-17.00 PART 2: PANEL DEBATE – CAN CULTURAL HISTORY BE USED?
How exactly do you build a community?
How does care translate into physical form in built communities?
What similarities and differences can be identified between the historical examples and the societal challenges that we face today?
Camilla van Deurs, city architect, City of Copenhagen
Sebastian Morten Soelberg, architect MAA, creative director public housing, SWECO
Mogens Morgen, architect MAA, Professor, Transformation, Architecture and Territories, Aarhus School of Architecture
Nanna Flintholm, architect MAA, AART architects
Mediator: Morten Nielsen