Articles

The Humane City

Municipal planning should counteract the negative trends of the time, with the larger cities being enlarged with suburban settlements without contiguous urban spaces

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PRINCIPLES OF THE HUMAN CITY:

  • Human scale, high density, 4-6 floors.
  • Contiguously connected urban spaces – from city centre to suburb.
  • Karrestruktur - illuminated homes and green courtyards.
  • The city spaces as safe connections and meeting places for people.
  • Respect for conservation-worthy wholes and architectural identity.

THE PRINCIPLES OF THE CLASSIC DENSELY-LOW CITY should continue to be a key contribution and reference point for sustainable urban development. The European karre city – with urban life and security in common well-defined and sensuous urban spaces – will continue to be an inspiration to the world's major cities in bringing their own building culture into a humane urban development on a human scale.

The tradition of scale A DENSE, COHESIVE CITY ON A HUMAN SCALE should be reinforced and developed. In global urban development, the population is looking to the big cities to find work and stay. There is population growth and a dynamic that makes urban planning both meaningful and necessary. From resource point of view, close-up cities should be sought in order to save on agricultural and natural land and minimise transport costs.

OPTIMISATION OF ENERGY SUPPLY AND PUBLIC TRANSPORT SERVICES as well as walking and cycling traffic also speaks for a densely mixed city, with easy access to service, education and culture etc. Research even shows that the densely populated pedestrian town with activity and movement is a HEALTHY CITY.

Karrebyen's ending urban space is a prerequisite for the BODY AND MIND to focus on other people and on what is happening in space, thereby becoming an observer and participant in social life.

THE QUALITY OF THE CITY'S COMMON SPACES, ITS STREETS, URBAN SPACES AND SUPERIMPOSED HISTORY IS ESSENTIAL FOR PEOPLE'S experience and use of the city. Karrebyen's ending urban space is a prerequisite for the BODY AND MIND to focus on other people and on what is happening in space, thereby becoming an observer and participant in social life. For tall, freestanding buildings, the body lacks a space, and the sight focuses on the buildings as aesthetic objects.

The interconnecting karre-city's collective spaces – streets and squares – are necessary as safe living and meeting places for people. People's identities are developed in interaction with others, what is also called socialization. PUBLIC SPACE AS A STAGE AND MEETING PLACE is therefore an important prerequisite for understanding and socialising with other people – an important prerequisite for a democratic society.

The municipalities' URBAN PLANNING SHOULD BE GIVEN PRIORITY in order to create new URBAN WHOLES, instead of the perpetual "townhouse-karre-high-hus" ensembles, which are the result of the developers" real estate planning. The planning of the municipalities should counteract the negative trends of the time, where the larger cities are expanded with suburban settlements without contiguous urban spaces, where quiet side streets are replaced by viewing areas and where robust urbanism is replaced by glossy images of architectural compositions.

Block planning should be promoted in a modern form, where municipalities can offer small plots in an urban context in a block structure. In addition to providing a framework for larger buildings, it could also create a framework for small builders, alternative housing and self-construction in the city

Our historic city centres and bridge districts are typically formed by blocks, where various builders and architects have made their contribution to the architecture, within the whole of the block. This is the principle, with short house facades and architectural variation, that over the years has created eventful and beautiful urban spaces.

CAR RE-PLANNING should be promoted in a modern form, where municipalities can offer small plots in an urban context in a block structure. In addition to providing a framework for larger buildings, it could also create a framework for small builders, ALTERNATIVE BOFORMER and self-construction in the cities, which, for example, would create a framework for small builders. Amsterdam for a year- series has offered their citizens. Danish municipalities should also rise to this challenge, and see it as another reason to give priority to municipal urban planning.

URBANISM PRINCIPLES:

  • The rate of utilization must be high in order to lay the foundations for urban life.
  • The footprint of the building stock must be high in order to bring the common urban spaces to life.
  • Building heights must be limited for the sake of sunlight in farms and urban spaces and for
    to avoid wind turbulence.
  • Open spaces at the residence must be designed for, among other things, families with children,
    and there must be easy access to larger green spaces
  • Mixing functions with housing, business, education and service
    create life and reduce commuting.
  • Building typology shall consist of blocks with apartments or/and multi-storey
    Townhouses.

Karsten Pålsson, architect MAA • Pålsson Urbanism Aps • www.palssonurbanism.com

February 2019